Much misinformation has been published by those who support, as well as those who are against, the continued deployment of nuclear weapons as instruments of deterrence. This book would provide an apolitical description of strategic nuclear weapons, how they are designed, how they work and how they are assigned to different targets in the event of conflict.
The underpinning purpose of the book is to provide a descriptive "manual" on what they are, how they are categorised, how they would be sent to their targets and how they have changed, as revealed through their design and potential application. As well as a Workshop Manual, this book would be a guide to public understanding expressed in a dispassionate and factual manner for information which many people find hard or impossible to obtain.Nuclear weapons do exist and they cannot be wished away, and because of that, an entirely fact-based and balanced account is helpful to those who seek to understand this emotively sensitive subject delivered as a seminal reference.
The book will incorporate a balance of cutaway diagrams, images of hardware and test equipment, facilities and delivery systems, and traces the evolution of nuclear weapons over the past 70 years, with the emphasis on strategic nuclear delivery systems today. Much misinformation has been published by those who support, as well as those who are against, the continued deployment of nuclear weapons as instruments of deterrence. This book would provide an apolitical description of strategic nuclear weapons, how they are designed, how they work and how they are assigned to different targets in the event of conflict.
● Chapter 1: The new physics (1907-1942)
How the principles behind atomic weapons were unravelled in several places during the early decades of the 20th century, opening the way to expectations of nuclear energy for electrical power and for weapons. The driving forces behind the decision to build a bomb.
● Chapter 2: Development and test of the first atom bombs (1942-1945)
How work at Los Alamos focused on producing an atomic bomb using the separate "gun" and "implosion" methods, the test in July 1945 in New Mexico, and the selection of each type for the separate targets of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Explains their respective designs, with cutaway drawings and images, and takes the reader through the sequence of events, by milliseconds, which take place at detonation.
● Chapter 3: The "Super" (1951-present)
Explains how in the early 1950s the thermonuclear hydrogen bomb (the so-called super-bomb) emerged from the atomic bomb, and then how simultaneously miniaturisation resulted in a complete repackaging which enabled a very much wider diversity of nuclear munitions for application to artillery, tanks, anti-aircraft missiles, naval mines and torpedoes, as well as allowing new generations of tactical nuclear weapons to emerge. Details the new generation, and identifies and describes each one, adding to the description of the detonation sequence of events in milliseconds described for the atom bomb in chapter 2.
● Chapter 4: The Big Stick (1948-present)
A parody on the quote from President Theodore Roosevelt ("Walk softly but carry a big stick!") this chapter introduces the strategic delivery systems for nuclear weapons which began (1948) with manned bombers in the air, and eventually (from 1959) included intercontinental missiles on land and at sea. The nuclear triad, as it became known, was a hedge against any one delivery system suffering from a universal technical fault disabling any one leg. Includes the specific nuclear weapons developed for these systems.
● Chapter 5: Nuclear Weapons Effects (1945-present)
Analyses, describes and illustrates the three primary effects of an explosive nuclear detonation: blast; heat; radiation. The effects of the electromagnetic pulse are also described and illustrated with the consequences that nuclear testing resulted in loss of electrical power, "frying" of satellites in space and loss of radio communication. Also illustrates various methods of protection using diagrams, charts and tables.
● Chapter 6: Nuclear Deterrence (1948-present)
Examines with diagrams, charts and tables (for clarity) how the changing shape of nuclear deterrence has shifted from massive bombs threatening civilian populations (1950s), to miniaturised bombs for targeting military facilities (1960s), to a balance of forces using a mix of large, medium and small nuclear munitions for a wide range of operational scenarios. Explains the failed options of rail-mobile systems, the "pea-under-the-shell" plan - placing missiles in only 10% of silos (thus massively magnifying the number of potential targets for the enemy to address), to arsenals shaped by arms-control agreements.
● Chapter 7: Design Diversity (1960-present)
The proposed technical development of nuclear munitions for peaceful purposes, such as the excavation of canals for irrigation, removal of mountains for hydroelectric schemes, clearance of ground obstacles for super-highways and removal of large mega-landslips measured in the billions of tonnes of earth.
● Chapter 8: Arms Control (1972-present)
Shows with charts and diagrams how the several separate strategic arms control agreements since the early 1970s have influenced the shape and force-structure of nuclear deterrence, and how the shifting balance of weapon types has played in to the mix of conventional and nuclear forces.